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New study suggests robotic surgery may lower risk for hip replacement complications

As robotic surgical systems continue to evolve and assist surgeons with improving surgical precision, a Henry Ford Health study finds that robotic-assisted surgery for hip replacement has lower rates of complications than the traditional method.

The findings, published in The Journal of Arthroplasty, are believed to be the first from a large series of patients with several years of follow-up to evaluate post-surgical complications between the two surgical options, adding to the growing body of research in the hip replacement field.

Researchers said the dislocation rate for robotic surgery was nearly four times less than the traditional method. A dislocation is a common post-surgical complication that occurs when the new implant comes out of the socket during the healing process. In addition, they said the risk for hip instability when the procedure was performed robotically was 3.5 times less than the traditional method when controlling for gender, race, age, prior spine surgery and other accepted factors that can contribute to instability.

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