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Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery

Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery

Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery
Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery

Joint replacement surgery is one of the most effective treatments for severe arthritis.1 Proper preparation plays a major role in ensuring a successful outcome. Let's explore some advanced technologies and techniques in hip and knee replacement today, and learn how to prepare for this transformative procedure.

Advanced Technology: Robotic Joint Replacement

As a patient, you can take comfort in knowing that your surgical team will use advanced 3D models of your joint to create a presurgical plan tailored to your anatomy. This plan is input into the robotic system, and the robotic arm will guide the surgeon to prepare the joint surfaces and place the implant with unparalleled precision and accuracy.

Advanced Techniques: The Role of DAA

The Direct Anterior Approach is a minimally invasive technique that allows surgeons to access the joint from the front of the hip, avoiding the need to cut through major muscles. This approach can lead to a quicker recovery, less pain, and improved mobility after surgery.

These advances make it possible for joint replacement to be done in the outpatient setting. But you need to prepare well before the surgery to maximize outcomes.

Pre-Surgery Preparation

  • Consultation and Evaluation: You begin with a thorough consultation with your surgeon. Discuss your medical history, current medications, and any concerns you may have. Your surgeon will evaluate your joint's condition and explain the surgical process, including risks and benefits.
  • Pre-Surgical Tests: You'll undergo several tests, such as blood work, X-rays, and possibly an MRI, to ensure you're fit for surgery. These tests help tailor the procedure to your specific needs.
  • Physical Preparation: Strengthening the muscles around your joint can aid in post-surgery recovery. Engage in prescribed exercises to boost your strength and flexibility. Also, consider practicing with crutches or a walker, as you'll need them post-surgery.
  • Home Readiness: Prepare your home for your return. Place frequently used items within easy reach, secure loose rugs, and install safety bars in the bathroom if necessary. Consider arranging for help with daily tasks during your initial recovery.
  • Health Optimization: If you smoke, try to quit, as smoking can hinder healing. Maintain a healthy diet to support your body's recovery process. If you have diabetes, ensure your blood sugar levels are under control.
  • Mental Preparation: Joint replacement is a major surgery, and it's normal to feel anxious. Clarify any doubts you have about the procedure. Understanding the benefits of the procedure can alleviate your anxiety and get you in the right frame of mind.
  • Day Before Surgery: Follow your surgeon's instructions regarding fasting and medication. Pack a bag with essentials for your hospital stay, including loose clothing and personal items.

Embracing the Journey

Joint replacement surgery can be a transformative experience and preparation is the first step toward your new beginning. Set the stage for a successful surgery and a return to an active life by preparing mentally and physically for the procedure.

AUTHOR: Robert J. Avino M.D. is a board-certified and fellowship-trained adult hip and knee reconstruction surgeon at Palm Beach Orthopaedic Institute. Dr. Avino specializes in robotic-assisted hip and knee replacement using the minimally invasive direct anterior approach to hip replacement, across Palm Beach County in South Florida.


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